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December 24, 1937     The Jewish Transcript
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December 24, 1937

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i b C ripl " All Creeds Roosevelt NEW YORK (WNS)A plea to America's 130,000,000 citizens not to XIV, No. 43 Killed, Girls Hit Arab Shots JERUSALEM (WNS)--Thirteen Jews were ambushe and upon this week while passing railway station on their return Jerusalem from Talpioth, a sub- Abraham Haim Perhnan, 20 old, was killed, and two girl C0panions--Malka Jacubowitz, 17 Years old, and Yona Klobler, 16 Years old--were wounded. 11 JEWS WOUNDED JERUSALEM (WNS)--A rain of bMlets that poured in on a Jewish bus at twiligllt near Hails this eek wounded 11 ,lows, three of them dangerously, in one of the lost serious incidents of terrorism llOrthern Palestine has suffered in recent moths. Some 50 bullets were fired in the [USlllade. The bus was on its way from the JeWish colony of Nahalal when Balpers concealed tn ambush sur- rOUnded the vehicle and blasted Way with theh" guns The three reported by doctors to be in a serious condition, are Ger- (Cont. on Page 8, Col. 1) PLAIN TALK By ALFRED SEGAL KNOW a German refugee. He is 41 years old and before Hitler's tlae he was already a well-estab- lished nmn. In Frankfurt A/M he had a good job, be- ing a salesman who earned good money. He, at his age, could look forward to a comfortable fu- ture such as many another Jewish salesman in Ger- ninny lind achieved. They were mellow old fellows who had &l. Sepal retired at about 60 and could l)e seen 0a bright days pleasantly strolling ea Frankfurt streets. TMs was a happy ending which Was worth striving for . . . a goal that gets lnore and nlore glalnorous tS a saleslnan advancos iu his for- ties. Yes, tlmt wouhl be the hapI)y elld of his own career in good time. One couldn't as]V.u.ore than to be a contented old bachelor at the end 0f his days. Everytlfing was point- ilg in that 1)right direction 1'or him. He lind had a very good life and Was happy that he lind kept up the eod name his people always had had in Frankfurt. They lind lived there for hundreds of years; they Were like an ancient institution. His kiuslnen were numerous in the beth olam and their graves Were old, old graves and their head- tones were green witll timeless oss. He used to hear of Hitler with- 0at any anxiety whatever. Hitler as but a loud voice. What could a fellow like Hitler do to disturb even in the least a l)eople who were as deep-rooted in Qermany as the oldest oak in the 8ehwarzwald? Hitler was but a brief wind Even when Hitler came at last to l)ower, it was felt in Frankfurt that Whatever might happen to Jews elsewhere in Gernmny could not earcely happen in Frankfurt. In Frankfurt the Jews, more than elsewhere in Gernmny, were very ld inhabitants. Their best friends ere anmng non-Jews who would heVer tolerate any disturbance of the contented life of Frankfurt Jews. Yet the pogrom came even to lrankfurt and doctors fell and law- Yers and Jewish judges of the COUrts and salesmen. Jewish sales- hle]l must make way for "Aryans," Said one day our salesman was tMen aside by his Jewish employer '' "I have orders. I'm very sorry. (Cont. on Page 2, Col. 3) Combined With THE JEWISH CHRONICLE SEATTLE, WASHINGTON, DECEMBER 24, 1937 $2 a year; 5c, single copy Dhmhsal Faces Two Of People: Talmud Torah's Faculty Santa Claus Is Jewish! The axe today hung over two Se- aatle Talmud Torah teachers Two of the daily Hebrew school's six teachers will be dismissed, Dr. Max J. Levin, newly re-elected presi- dent of the 40-year-old school, dis- closed to The Transcript today be- cause the budget of the school will be cut from $13,000 to $10,000 in 1938. Which of the instructors will be fired, Dr. Levin said, will be decided Monday, January 10, when the newly- elected board of directors chooses a board of education. The latter board has jurisdiction over hiring and firing teachers. Consenting to his election without opposition to a second term only on the condition that the budget be cut $3,000 a year, Dr. Levin explained: "Only about 175 men support the Talmud Torah in our community-- unlike the situation in Portland and San Francisco, where tim entire com- munity, all factions uniting, con- tribute to the running of the daily Hebrew school. "We find we can raise $10,000 a year. But the extra $3,000 is too much. It means drives and extra effort--and we haven't the man- power to do the work. The Talmud Torah's 185 pupils must be taught on a decreased budget." Ben Maslan was re-elected first ..... Photo by Grady DR. MAX LEVIN budget-cutter! vice president. Sol Chaiken was named second vice president; Nathan Anches, treasurer; A. L. Maslan, sec- retary; Herman "Pop" Kessler, hon- orary house manager; L. Shaffer, building superintendent; M. Berch, (Cont. on Page 8, Col. 1) Haim Leon, Synagogue Founder, Will Be Hailed At Banquet Celebrating the 25th anniversary of Ezra Bessaroth Synagogue, Se- attle's Sephardic community, which is the third largest in the nation, will honor Haim Leon, one of the syna- gogue's founders who has served as its volunteer cantor for the past 28 years, at a banquet Sunday, January 2 at 6:30 p. m. at the Seattle Talmud Torah auditorium. A committee of past presidents of the congregation, headed by Harry France and including Dave Mossafer, Marco France and Morris B. Hanan, assisted by Rev. David Behar, today were preparing for the banquet. Mr. Leon is the father of Gordon Leon, ex-president of the Seattle Sephardic Brotherhood; Mrs. Victor Capeloto, new president of Ezra Bessaroth Auxiliary; and Albert Leon, pharmacist. Dr. Harry Tarica, synagogue presi- deut-elect, recalled today that he was chairman of the building corn- (Cont. on Page 8, Col. l ) --Photo by Grady IIAIM LEON to him, a tribute! Rabbi To Lead Parade Through Streets, Dedicating, Torahs Through Seattle streets, the tas- seled, velvet-covered holy scrolls of the Torah will l)e paraded Sunday at 1 p. m., with Rabbi Baruch Shapiro leading marchers. Occasion will be the dedication of Torah scrolls, inscribed by artisans in Poland, donated to Machzikay Hadath Shul by Mr. and Mrs. S. Greenblatt, founders of the congre- gation. A.n orchestra, mounted on a float, will play music as the marchers pa- rade from the Greenblatt home, 2805 Washington St., to 29th Ave. and Washington St., swing to Cherry St., down Cherry to 26th Ave. and over to the synagogue at 26th Ave. and E. Fir St. Decorated automobiles will also follow the line of march, in which 500 persons are expected to participate, I. Schreiber, chairman, said. A corps of 20 young members of RABBI BARUCII SHAPIRO Fraternal Order of Ashphard will , . he'll lead a parade! head the parade. Leaders of Jewish organizations and other synagogues will take places in the march, as the Torah scrolls are carried through the streets, Mr. Schreiber said. Mussolini Bestows Medal On Financier ANTWEB-P (WNS) -- M. Auer- bach, Russian-born Belgian Jewish industrialist, this week was award- ed the Fascist Order of Service by premier Mussolini, the first foreign- er to receive this high ltalian deco: ration. Gov. Lehman's Son To Wed In Summer NEW YORK (WNS)--Gov. and Mrs. Herbert H. Lehnmn were get- tlng ready this week to welcome thelr first daughter-in-law. Their oldest son, Pete]' G., an- nounced his engagement to Miss Pe gay Lashanska Rosenbamn, daughter of Mine. Hulda Lashanska, the opera singe]'. Miss Rosenbamn, who is 17, is a student at Sarah Lawrence College. Young Lehman, who is 21, is study. lug business administration at Le- GLENS FALLS, N. Y. (WNS)-- The Jewish Santa Claus of the northern counties of New York, Samuel Coplon, this week is ready- ing his annual Christmas visit to the youngsters of the isolated mountain areas. A Brooklyn toy salesman who has been playing Santa Claus annually for 37 years ever since he regained his health in Warren County after an illness incurred in the Spanish- America War, Coplon is widely known and beloved in five counties as the man who brings toys and playthings for the needy children of those districts every year. He collects the toys from the companies with which he does busi- ness. Showman Froman Is Honored In Church NEW YORK (WNS)--Hailed as "one of the best-loved men in the United States," 86-year-old Daniel Frohmaa, grand old nmn of the American theatre, left a sickbed this week to witness the unveiling of a bas-relief of lfim in the Episco- pal Actors Guild Hall at the Little Church Around the Corner. Mr. Frohman, in commenting on the unique honor, said, "1 am a member of all religions. I be- lieve in all religions that bring good to people." Jerome Frank, 48, Takes S. E. C. Post WASHINGTON, D. C. (WNS)-- Appointment hy President Roose- velt of Jerome N. Frank, 48-year- old brilliant New York attorney, to one of the two vacancies on tim Federal Securities and Exchange Commission, wa confirmed l)y the U. S. Senate this week. Mr. Frank. who is a graduate of tle University of Chicago and a (Cont. on Page 8, Col. 6) In The Week's News Mrs. Louis Marks, who knows more about tobacco than any other woman in the country, may be the first woman ever.elected vice presi- dent and trustee-at-large of the Automobile Cluh of Washington, but she will be the last speaker of the year at B'nai B'rith's weekly luncheon at Savoy Hotel. Mrs. Marks is secretary of the Seattle Safety Council board, served for two years as president of the Wo- men's Century Club, takes an active part in running one of the city's largest wholesale tobacco firms. Cantor Nathan Schlossber, ro- tund singer at Bikur Cholum Syna- gogue, entrained with his five- year-old, reu-headed son, Leibel, Friday for San Francisco, where the child ill chant 2,000-year-old melodies of Israel at three syna- gogue appearances. Morton Pinch, personable bachelor, insuranceman and onetime basket- ball star, will celebrate his 32nd birthday on the day the Christian world sets aside in observance of the birth of another Jew Christ- mas. Lou Friedlander, portly jeweler, will be 51 years old Satur- day. Alfred Plechner, likeable Army Reserve officer and insurance executive, will be 35 years old Sunday. Mrs. Rebecca Stalin, 1841 E. Fir St. tearfully told police the story this week of how a bomb made out of four sticks of dynamite was thrown through the window of the one-story brick building at 3300 Rainier Ave. which she, her hus- band Sol and her son operate. The explosion started a fire, shook the entire Rainier Valley district, was the second bombing of the plant in four years. The shop has been picketed for four years because the Stalins would not join the union, did not fix their prices as other dye works under union contract do, (Cent on Page 8, Col. 5) . permit "divided opinions regarding situations in other lands" to "create cleavage between religious groups in our nation" lest "philosophies domi- nant in totalitarian states disrupt the cordial relationships which now exist among Protestants, Catholics and Jews in America" was made this week by President Roosevelt in a statement released by Dr. Everett R. Clinchy, director of the National Conference of Jews and Christians. The President's statement was made in connection with the tenth anniversary of the Conference of Jews and Christians of which Mr. Roosevelt is honorary chairman. It follows: By PRESIDENT FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT This country is thoroughly committed to the principle of civil and religious liberty. Instead of deploring the variety of racial strains and spiritual traditions which are an inherent part of our people, we welcome them as a token of the freedom that we enjoy and believe that the com- mon life is enriched by what each of these groups contributes. In this nation we proclaim the equal rights of all religious groups whether of the majority or of minorities, and find our unity in a common citizenship. ,Freedom of speech, of the press and of assembly are guaran- teed to all by the Bill of Rights. This American doctrine is challenged or denied in other parts of the world today. It is my earnest hope that divided opinions regarding situa- tions in other lands than ours will not create cleavage between religious groups in our own nation. Philosophies dominant in totalitarian states must not be allowed to disrupt the cordial relationships which now exist among Protestant, Cath- olics and Jews in America. We believe in democracy, a happy combination of freedom and re- sponsibility. Our fathers fought for it and left it to us as ur heritage. We are determined to maintain it and to demonstrate in America the possi- bility of a community in which men of diverse racial origins and religious convictions can live together in mutual respect, friendship and cooperation in all those matters that make for human happiness and national well- being. The perpetuation of these democratic principles detmand, as they de- serve, our devotion and sacrifice. We must not hold them too cheaply at a time when they seem to be receding in some quarters where they were once valued. Rather they must be intelligently fostered and bravely ad- vanced. I welcome the effort of the National Conference of Jews and Chris- tians to increase in local communities the number of its Round Tables of leading citizens of all faiths who by mutual consultation and planning may deal with occasions of distrust or misunderstanding and pave the way to cooperation." Roosevelt Hates Bigotry, Declares Author Emil Ludwig By BERNARD POSTAL (Transcript Special Writer) NEW YORK--Emil Ludwig, the world-famous Jewish biographer, has just finished his biography of Franklin I). Roosevelt. In an exclusive interview, Dr. l,udwig l,st week told me what he learned of the President's atti- tude toward anti-Senfitism, Fasc- ism and racialimn during intimate talks with him at the White House. Presiding over the destinies of 130,000,000 people, President Roose- velt still finds time to think about the protflem of anti-Semitism, 1 learned in the course of a half hour interview with Dr. Ludwig, as we sat in his comfortable room at the tlotel St. Moritz here. "Roosevelt," Ludwig said, "shares heartily the sentiments of the late Dr. Thomas Masaryk, founder of the Republic ef Czechoslovakia. Masaryk once said that one can be either a Christian o1" an anti-Semite but not both. "And Roosevelt feels exactly the same way." All of which led to our question as to whether the President knew that anti-Semitic pamphleteers were denouncing him as a "Jew" and a "Jew-lover." His corpulence revealed by the dark brocaded dressing gown, the liglt from tle window at his side casting accentuating shadows across the strong, broad features of his face, Ludwig was an im- pressive figu]'c as he leaned for- ward and continued in his thick (;ermau accent: "OIL yes. he knows all al)out it. But lm has a stock auswer. When- ever he's asked about it he re- (Cont. on Page 7, Col. 2) World's Foremost Jewess Is Honored On 77th Birthday NEW YORK. -- A shy, Baltimore- born ral)bi's daughter who is the foremost Jewess of her generation, Miss ttenrietta Szold, here from Pal- estine, was hailed on her 77th birth- dah this week by American Jewry. In her honor, Mrs. Moses P. Ep- stein, president of Hadassah--the 64,000-member organization which Miss Szold founded 25 years ago-- broadcast a nation-wide radio tri- bute, heard by millions of Americans. Miss Szold is regarded as the foremost Jewish woman living to- day. Born in Baltimore, on December 21, 1860, as a child she studied Ger- nmn, Hebrew and French with he]' father, Rabbi Benjamin Szold. When the Jewish Publication So- ciety of America was formed 44 years ago, Miss Szold became its secretary and held the office until 1916. This position deumnded constant correspondence with writers in other countries; books had to be translated into English, ninny of which she herself translated frmn Gernmn, Hebrew and French. Among the works she translated were Darmsteter on the Tahnud and Lazarus' "Ethics of Judaism." In association with Dr. Cyrus Ad- ler, president of Dropsie College in Philadelphia. she edited the Ameri- can Jewish Yea]' Rook and also con- tributed numerous articles to Jew- ish periodicals. She gaVe their first start to MISS HENRIETTA SZOLD . a woman who tells her age! many young authors, among them Isadore Zangwill and Sholem Asch. Miss Szold had at that time be- (Cont. on Page 6, Col. 2) Boston Publisher Named By Governor BOSTON (WNS) -- Alexander Brin, publisher of tile Boston Jew- ish Advocate, this week was sworn in by Governor Hurley for a second three-year term as a member of the State Advisory Board of Education. Itts appointment by Governor lhn'- Icy was unanimously coniirmod by tim Governor's Council. The post is non-salaried.