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August 5, 1938     The Jewish Transcript
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August 5, 1938

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PAGe. TWO THE JEWISH TRANSCRIPT, SEATTLE AUGUST 5,&apos;i GUST Thought Of The Week "Prince Bertil of Sweden was a guest of honor, representing his father, at a city celebration in New York a few days ago. We were on the Mayor's Committee welcoming him. Then, a few nights ago, we attended a program of Russian, Polish, Chinese, Spanish and Negro folk-dances at the Lewisohn Stadium at City College. No proof is ever needed of the great ethnic variety of these United States, but even the greatest doubter would have found stimulus in the colorful pageantry of the folk-steps of these racial groups. Moreover, America is clearly enriched by the contributions of its many 'nationalities,' the Jewish included. We are saved from that cultural monotony which means 'Gleichschaltung' of the spirit. All power to Prince Bertil and his compatriots who bring home this lesson anew to us." --RABBI LOUIS I. NEWMAN, New York Reform leader. Se fi i e8 r3 Ii FI, ealey, nnli- tyled Am raced to 30 ( being con tier ill the ce Cecil (h a.ley's a(Iju lvec five t The 00ewish Transtript Combined with THE JEWISH CHRONICLE A Weekly Newspaper for the Jewish People of the Pacific Northwest 1616 8th Avenue, Seattle Phone MAin 2715 HERMAN A. HOROWITZ ........................ Editor and Publisher NATHA KREMS ....................................... Associate Editor SxvNmr W. WEBn.R .................................. Business Manager OFFICIal, PHOTOOnAPHER ......... Walters Studio, 4th and Pike Building A weekly paper devoted to the interests of the Jewish people el Washington, Idaho, Montana, British Columbia and Alaska. Entered as second class matter September 5, 1924, at the Post Office at Seattle, Washington, under the Act of March 3, 1879. Single Copies, 5 Cents. $2.00 per Year -9-38 VOL. XV. Friday, Aug. 5, 1938 No. 23 THE WRONG SIDE EITHER major political party in this country has ever pub- licly been identified with any movement or individual advocating a policy of racial and religious hatred. True, both parties in the past quietly have taken advantage of racial prejudice in various localities for political advantage, but na- tionally the responsible spokesmen for Democratic and Repub- lican Parties have always repudiated such prejudice. It is therefore only natural that John Hamilton, chairman of the Republican National Committee, should have made known his views concerning the political situation in his native Kansas, where the Rev. Gerald B. Winrod, an avowed anti-Semite, has been crusading not only against Jews, but against Catholics, Free Masons and certain Protestants in his campa;gn to win the Republican Senatorial nomination Most political observers were of the opinion that Winrod had a better than even chance of w inning over his two opponents. And in the event he won the nomination, Kansas Repub- licans would be faced with the choice of repudiating their own partyTnominee or finding themselves accused of advocating the candidacy of one committed to opposition of everything for which the nation and the Republican Party stand. Under the circumstance, Mr. Hamilton had no other alter- native than to warn the Republicans of Kansas against Winrod. This he did in no unmistakable terms in the form of a letter to -a Kansas voter. Mr. Hamilton, who fought the Ku Klux Klan in Kansas in 1924 and 1928, not only denounced Winrod's views as "intoler- ant," but declared that Kansas voters "cannot avoid the issue" of this intolerance "whether they will or not." He therefore warned the Kansas G. O. P. that "if Mr. Win- rod is nominated for the United States Senate, it (intolerance) will again be injected into the national campaign and our party in Kansas will be on the wrong side of a vital issue and opposed to our party policy in other states. "We have all been shocked by the manifestations of in- tolerance growing up in the world elsewhere and we should be more than shocked at its appearance on our very doorstep and therefore doubly vigilant. "For that reason I am quite willing that my views should be made known upon this question, as should the views of all the leaders of our party. "Should I have the opportunity of voting on August 2, as a Republican acting in the interests of my party and my countxy, I certainly would not vote for any one who has dedicated himself to a course of intolerance such as has Mr. Winrod. "If the reasons which I have given above for not voting for Mr. Winrod, which are all-sufficient as far as I am concerned, do not appeal to others in Kansas, may I ask them to consider the possible disastrous effects which his nomination would have upon the entire state and local Republican tickets in November." Those are plain words. The Republican Party has no desire to be daubed with the brush of anti-Semitism or anti-Catholicism. The nomination of Winrod would have been just as serious a blow to the G. O. P. as it would be a victory for the forces of bigotry. The statement of Mr. Hamilton shows that the Republican Party is aware of its responsibility. CATHOLICS AGAINST ANTI-SEMITISM MERICAN JEWRY should be considerably heartened by the recent efforts of responsible Catholics and Catholic organs to warn their co-religionists against the virus of anti- Semitism. Look at the denunciation of anti-Semitism by the official Catholic organ, Osservatore Romano; the vigorous pastoral letter issued by Archbishop McNicholas of Cincinnati condemning persecution of Jews, and the splendid editorial in The New World, official organ of the Archdiocese of Chicago, calling upon Catholics not to sully their Christianity by being anti-Semitic. Look also at the address by Monsignor John A. Ryan of the National Catholic Welfare Council before the B'nai B'rith in Duluth in which this distinguished Catholic leader blasted Nazi race theories and told his hearers that the authorized teach- ers of the Catholic Church do not indulge in anti-Semitism. And then there is the important educational project under- taken by the Queens Work of St. Louis in publishing and dis- tributing widely among Catholics a pamp hlet by Father Joseph N. Moody entitled "Why Are Jews Persecuted?", which ans- wers many false charges against the Jews, including the false charge that Jews have communistic a nd radical leanings. Catholic leadership is to be highly commended for this con- tribution to sanity and good will. American Catholics have not forgotten the bigotry cam- paigns directed against them in the past, and they are likely to feel most keenly the danger and injustice of race and religious hatred of any kind. JEWISH CALENDAR 5698 - 1938 Fast of Ab .............. Sat., Aug. 7 Rosh ttodcsh, Ellul .... Sun., Aug. 28 5699 - 1938 Rosh Hashonah, I st day.Men., Supt. 26 RoshHashonah,2ndday.Tucs.,Sept.27 Fast of Gedaliah ...... Wed., Supt. 28 Yore Kippur ............  ed., Oct. o Succoth, 1st day ....... Men., Oct. 10 Succoth, 2nd day ..... Tues., Oct. 11 ltosha'ana Rabba ...... Sun., Oct. 16 Shemini Atserct ....... Men., Oct. 17 Simchas Torah ........ Tues., Oct. 18 Marchesvan ........... Wed., Oct. 26 Kislcv .............. Thurs., Nov. 24 Chanukah ............. Sun., Dec. 18 Tebeth ................. Fri., Dec. 23 Fast of Tebeth .......... Sun., Jan. 1 Who Shall Be Our " Leader000000 t ,v cling held 15, when dent Roos By PROFESSOR MORRIS R COHEN OST PEOPLE, and especially practical men of affairs, are apt to be skeptical about research. The latter, of course, recognize its necessity in their own business, but when you speak about securing accurate information in regard to Jewish matters, they say: "What are you going to do with it when you get it?" To this, of course, there are many reasonable answers. The most obvious one is that all improvements in medicine and technology, such beneficent discoveries as wireless communication and others which have relieved human sufferings and have helped to make civilized life possible, have been the result of detached and purely theoretic studies; and there is no reason why the per- sistent pursuit of truth should not be ultimately helpful in deal- ing with our social difficulties. We need not overstate the case. We may well admit that many re- searches in astronomy, physics and pathology have as yet borne no practical fruit in the sense that they have not resulted in any increase of mechanical pro- duct or decreased the cost of production. Nevertheless such studies are of vital importance and no peo- ple can be called fully civilized that make no provisions for them. In the first place, it is certain that if we do not make provisions for such study we shall be walk- Professor Morris R. Cohen ing in darkness and our opinions will be baseless guesses. It is quite clear, for instance, that many of the proposed remedies for Jewish problems are based on impressions that have no foundation in fact. We perhaps suffer more from false remedies than from natural disease. It is common sense to recognize that without reliable information we cannot have any safe policy in regard to our difficulties. This does not mean that research can guarantee any solution. It may be that the basic Jewish problem, like other human problems of life and death, has no definite solution, and the best we can achieve is to minimize the amount of distress. This is often as much help as medicine or any other human agency can provide. It is certainly the lesson of ancient wisdom not to knock our frail heads against the hard rocks of a world that was not created entirely for our convenience and over which we have but limited con- trol. But in any case we ought, as intelligent men and women, to have the courage to face life and try to understand it. Research as an aid to understanding has a value in itself and needs no justification, except the ancient insight that where there is no vision the people perish. * * * * * $ * * We Jews of this country suffer from insufficient respect for knowl- edge and understanding as values in themselves. This is a defect which we have recently acquired. For 2,000 years, PLAIN TALK (Continued from Page 1) circumstance that sets l)raetieally in- superable obstacles ill tile way of coming to ' decision. Oh, what tmrdens are on u Jew! Even when hc thinks of getting mar- ried he is required to consider the future of thc Jewish people and of the synagogue that stands 'Lround the corner. He dare not fall in love where he pleases but must consider solemnly tile matter of his great grandson: Shall the boy's sl)iritual destiny bc in a church or shall he be .L Jew dedi- cated to support the mortgage that lies so heavily on A(latll lsr'ml Con- gregation? Other people are allowed to fall ill love in accordance with the wl,isper- !ngs of their ardent hearts. Let us eonsidcr the case of ()le ()l- son the Swede and Abe Levy both in love with Mollie McGuirc who from the beauty of her countenance gives out dazzling flashes of a fine inlcl- ligence. Ole, looldng at Mollie, suffers ollly the delicious p%llgS of ]OVC. If he h,qs HELPING STRANGERS In the middle ages hoslfilality for poor Jewish travellers bee.ram 't necessary hrRllch of C(llnlnllllRl or- g'tnizati(m. The l)oor wayfarers were divided Ul} nmong the various house- hohls ,f the town. After the Cru- sades hospitality t)ee'une a necessity for many Jewish (:emmunities hnd been ruined, others re{lueed t<l beg- gary and it good many seho(lls were thus forced to close. A class of travelling m(mdicants and a class ,f poor ilinerant students grew Ul I, but the medicval Jew never lost sight of the principle that the table wqs the, altar and the meals provided for the poor were the best offerings to God. any doul)ts at all they have to do only with the question, "Am I really deserving of a gM so divine (she is really next to the angels) as Mollie McGuire?" Olc's rapt eyes, looking into the' future, do IlOt contcml)late any men- ace to the destiny of the Scandinav- ian race in his marriage to Mollie McGuire. What does it matter to Ole that they nmy have tcn children all of whom may turn ()lit to be more like Irishmen? Ills eager vision sees only 't vista of hal)Illness whieh he is sure will carry him and Mollic .all the way to tile gol@n wedding. Not so Abe. lie looks at Mollie: "Oh, her eyes 'm; like lights from the stars and her face is a reflection of sunrise and her soul is nothing less than God llimself. "With her I shall bc hapl)y 120 ye'trs and cve,l after thai, our h'q)l)i- hess shall continuc amid the intcr- stella,' Sl)aees where lies." But ill a moment Abe falls <)tit of his rhal)sody and his halllliness gets devoured Iiy ethnic, religious and social ln'obhms, lle sca,'cely dares think of his own hal)illness at all. Oh, he thinks, will my mar- rying Mollie McGuire mean to the (h;st.iny of the ,lewisll l)e(ll)h!? llis father long ago warned Mm thal; an interna'u'rying Jew was like t Illllll who Ilulled the (,,ornerst(ine frmn the fmmdati(m (if the house of Israel. Abe feels as if the whole= house of Israel were on his haole as he wends h(nnewnrd fr(nn his evening wit.h Mollie. It will (.,rasll if he but kneels to Mollie to llrOl)(ise to her. "lh,l isn't my (,wn happiness first of all?" he nsks rebelliously. "Must I carry the Jewish people? Is it my business to llrescrve the Jewish race the Jews have admired scholarship and have looked up to the 1 Chocham as a leader in the community. But, in this country, which has relatively recently been coi from nature, and where people have had to build anew the P basis of civilized life, it has been practical man who has bee admired. The result is that the scholar, the contemplative person, regarded as a nut (I think that is the official name). I remember a professor of my college--to be sure, a prof, military training, but I think he was typical of American instrU addressing the student body one day and saying: "If you wa! a he-man, go in for football ; if you want to be a nut like Einstei to the books." ,. Practically, this means that in American national life schG not accorded a very high place. We do not even trust them to r educational institutions, but usually put men of property on preme governing boards. Some of you may remember the astonishment when Wl college professor, was proposed for the presidency of the coun Recently there has been a great recognition of the need of s! in government and a natural reaction against "brain trusters." But it is well to remember that those called to fill promi{ sitions, and this includes our college and university preside not our foremost scholars, but rather men of executive or a trative ability. I am not saying this by way of complaint. There is nothing that the true scholar, scientist or artist more than to be allowed to do his own work in peace and quiet; But I wish to note that we Jews in imitation of Americ$ have gone much farther and have made no room at all for the J in our communal affairs, leaving the communal will to be deter entirely by gifted orators, journalists, or men of affairs whoS anthropies give them deserved distinction. I do not doubt that many of these leaders are possessed of deal of shrewd wisdom. But a man may be a persuasive orator or well informed a in business affairs and yet not have the requisite insight into that require long historical and other study. Moreover, while we cannot ignore the lessons of experienc men of affairs accumulate, it is not good to be guided in pra ti fairs entirely by practical people For the man who has his nose to the grindstone in the place cannot usually see far enough. We need also other worldly people who look ahead and are enmeshed in the immediate situation. This historically has  and (lecht ! on Wash aze the l"e s state, (un s througlm stimony ml Shed tl;al t event a riol, resented t dent. e Prosecuti tant City Vln. j. i'rl ttorney. ey l)roduc( Nazi tyll(, ' 1 Ilealey h: .tie W'ts "u' 'ker urging his testim to the cha oat of l emitie spe tro. aley previo In ew ;(L Iired l)y I ashkir t Whose lov )tSalt too ration I>ictc i t'' Will ha let at Men !er l?rank tg Jewish tie film, lit. role of the rabbi. ; th " But today the Jewish people are divided with regard to r! o= eOmpl( el as ,, and we cannot all accept the rabbL who may be very good for r -d: ' Aff comfort, as an authority on the crucial social, political and e0 reeted b problems which face us. .. me to' physicists or economists carry on research and publish the rst their studies, subject to the criticism of those familiar with tl and competent to pass judgment. No people, it seems to me, can have genuine self-respect if  afraid to look at the facts of their actual situation 4 I 4 By ALFRED SEGAL and to bring up generations to SUl)- Abe Levy to tile heart as he I l)ort our synagogue?" The more he thinks .tbout it the more imI)ious he gets. Then the ancestral ghost speaks to lfim: "Abe our son! That you should spe'd that way? Yes, if you marry Mollie McGuire wire will keel) holy the synagogue and who will guard the Torah and who will say kaddish?" "But my hal)pincss doesn't that count for anything? Shouhl I give up my happiness for the Jewish destiny?" "Abe our SOIl!" An{l wh'tt will the community say if he marries Mollie McGuire? lie will be called a deserter 'm(1 a traitor wh(i severs the line of Israel. lie will be all unlmried dead lnan ill Israel. "Yet my own happiness " Thus Aim swings I)etween love and the summonings of Jewish desti'w. But Ole feels no responsibility at all for the future (if the Seamlinavi,u, r'tec. If he thinks of racial origins ill the least it is to consider that an h'ish girl and a Swede ought to make a hal)py mixture. "We're all people," s.tys Ole, "and what> the hell's the diffel'cnee." (lie proposes to Mollie and she tskes him and they live together forever afterward as h'tpllily as it is p(msible for married people to live. They give lfirth 1,o ten chihh'en of whon nine hlok h'ish, but Olc is satisfied enough t)ecause the lnst one, Genevieve, looks Sea,ldi,mvian. This coml)letes the con|entment he derives from seeing that all the <lthers the twinlding h'ish eyes (if Mollie. * * $ 1 (as I consider this lU'P (Isal to mar,'y E.T.D.'s daughter) am "ff- flictcd by thc same distress that stabs Q O00ng TIOKE 'I'o Mollie McGuire. _ I might bc enjoying the la C of courtship, what with thcse!l days being so lovely and tho|_ , k, s !' eSlden l)erfect under starlit s 'c 1 Instead I brood" "What ,,. q[O come of the Jewish people f  her? Is it not my business totl.Sl,  carrying the house of Israclt]ll --'" I might bc canoeing witb.lrersoi 1 the sparkling river where cV ping wavelet would laugh ! Dcial enchanted hearts, la t --" on in the Isa'tc M. Wise Ter0 who of his generation will tale work of contributing to the against anti-Semitism?" I, Ip My rapt heart i)rotcsts: '' al)surdityI This contlict 1)etS son.d hal)piness and a pcoP?J S tiny! What othcr peol)lc, e# Gernnum, take racial dcStl I l*ranc seriously?" . 8MIT But this is only the Mai speaking impiously; ccrtal not the safe, well-( that a Jewish writer is give out. N(l! I shall not marry daughter if for no other th'tt my wife won't let me. (Copyright, 1938). HOW GHETTO Many exl)lanations have fered as to the deriwltion Ghetto. The term is first sl)eaki,g of the Jewish lt'dian cities. One ex th'tt the word (speAlcd Italian Jews) was derived Hebrew word GET, 'bill of the ide. of exclusion or thereby being expressed. exl)humtion traces the Venice where a separate ter existcd in 1516.