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August 5, 1924     The Jewish Transcript
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August 5, 1924
 

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Editorial Pa0 of Cb Jewish Cranscrlpt Aug. 5, z024 Page Four RELIEF COMMITTEE LIQUIDATES FTER more than nine years activity, with a record of many thousands of lives saved, more than 4,000,000 children fed and clothed and close to 1,000,000 tons of food distributed in Cdntral Europe, the American Jewish Relief Committee has liquidated its funds and gone out of existence. The winding up of the Committee&apos;s affairs and the final col- lection of pledged contributions will take a little more time so that in all probability the full ten years allotted to the enter- prise when it began on October 25, 1914, will be completed. Henry H. Rosenfeh, National Director of the Committee, has been in charge of the work from that date to the present. The committee raised $63,137,562 which was disbursed by the Joint Distribution Committee. In the early days of the war when accounts of the sufferings of the Jews were coming by cable from Europe, Louis Marshall called together the represent- atlves of thirty-eight national Jewish organizations and the American Jewish Relief Committee was formed, the original officers of the committee being Louis Marshall, President; Cyrus L. Sulzberger, Secretary; Felix M. Warburg, Treasurer. THE PASSING OF DR. HOURWICH ITH tile passing of Dr. Isaac A. Hourwich, a prominent publicist, economist and statistician, the Jewish Press of this country lost one of its best writers. In eulogizing Dr. Hour- wich, the "Day" in an editorial on July 10lh says: "The Jewish press of America, Jewish public opinion gener- ally suffered a great loss in the death of l)r. Hourwich. His sudden demise robbed us of a popular and beloved writer and a leading Jew. "Isaac A. Hourwich was a soldier in ahnost every good cause. He fought for liberty and social justice, for democracy and against tyranny and oppression; he was a fighter and a teacher a spiritual leader of his generation. "As a publicist he exerted a powerful influence; as a writer on social and economic topics he was one of the most popular public instructors. He possessed the ability to be popular with- out being vulgar; tie spoke the language of the common people, but not the slang of the streets; he respected the people and the people respected him and eagerly heard him. "Isaac A. Hourwich combined in his personality world-wide culture, interest in humanity and a great love for his own people. His social convictions did not interfere with his great love for the Jewish people. He was active in many Jewish movements and participated in the great historic struggle for the re-estab- lishment of the Jewish people." The ."Jewish Daily Forward" in an editorial on the same dale reviews the career of Dr. Isaac A. Hourwich in Russia and in America. He began his public life in his early youth as a leader of a socialist group of students in high school, was banished to Siberia for four years for his activities, and later became one of the leading members of the Russian bar. "Dr. Hourwich came to this country thirty-four years ago and while he associated with socialists he was always in favor of fusion with all radical and liberal elements in American poli- tics. ]n his long and varied career as a lecturer, statistician, trade union expert and journalist he was never affiliated with any group. He served various movements but he was too inde- pendent to be controlled. "Personally he was the most charming of men," the Forward editorial says, "He was not too proud to associate with the most humble and never by w()rd Or gesture made anybody feel thal he was superior. Among the Jewish thinkers and writers on both sides of the Atlantic Isaac A. Hourwich was one of the most outstanding figures and will not be so easily forgotten. His death is a sad occurrence, not only to his family and his personal friends, but to all progressive Jews generally." For a week after Isaac A. Hourwich's death the Jewish press was filled with tributes to his memory. Every prominent Jew- ish journalist had something interesting to tell of the career of their beloved colleague. Even his most ardent political oppon- ents admitted that while they very often severely criticized his views he was always held in high esteem by them. Mr. B. Roseman points particularly to Dr. Hourwich's ac- compllshment as a writer of Yiddish, in spite of the fact that he did not believe in the future of the language, and wrote Rus- sian and English with equal facility. "He wrote many scientific books in Russian and English; he attempted to write German and French but always consid- ered himself chiefly as a Yiddish writer. His book on immigra- tion, in English, was praised; so was his Russian book on th( economic condition of the peasantry. But, he always great pains to write a popular Yiddish and prided himself on his skill. "To write so that everybody will understand was Isaac A. Hourwich's greatest ambition, and he worked hard, for it is dif- ficult to write popularly. Jewish journalism in America and the Yiddish language owe a great deal of their growth and develop- ment to Isaac A. Hourwich's efforts." Cb 3wisb Cransript of the Pacific Northwest Issued Every Tuesday At 1516 Eighth Avenue, Seattle, Washington. Phone Main 2715. A Week'ly Publication Devoted To The Interests of The Jewish People of Washington, Idaho, Montano, British Columbia and Ahmka. HERMAN A. HOROWITZ ........ PVBv.tSHn MII/rON S. MALAKOFF ............. EnxTon A. If. MILLER ............ BvsiNaa MANAOZR Single Copies, 5 Cents. $2.00 Per Year. Advertising Rates Upon Application. "The Home Newspaper Of Pacific Northwest Jewry." Vol. I. Tuesday, Aug. 5, 1924. No. 22. JEWISH CALENDAR Aug. t0 ..... Fast of Ab ...... Ab 10 Aug. 30 - First Now bioon Day (of Elul) Ab 30 Sept. 21 - - - Solihot Service - - - Elul 22 Sept. 20-- Eve of New Year-- Elul 29 The Rostrum The Jewish Tranecript is anxious to publish oninions and ideas expressed bv its readers. . . v t]owever, thin pubheatmn s no tl or respm s- ible for nor necessarily in sympathy with any of the opinions expressed in any of the con- tributed articles. Anonymous letters will re- ceive no consideration. Tim writer must sign the communication but upon his or her re- quest the letter will be published under a pseudonym. Contributions must be in by Thursday noon for insertion in the issue of the week. To tile Editor: 1 have read in the ,lowish Transcrillt and ill other Jewish i)uhlieations of the prOllosal to create a university exclusively for Jewish students in sonm Eurollean oily, the purl)use being to create educational Ol)l)or- tunities for Jews who are barred from other institutions of higher h;arning by the "Numerus Clausus." lit my opinion, such a university, even though sI)onsored by the League of Nations, is extremely u n- likely and not feasible. The anti- Semitic .influences which are at ln.esent successful in keelling large numbers of Jews out of Eurol)can colleges wouhl only have a new target at which tu fire their weapons. When, several years ago, it wits at- tempted to limit Jewish enrolhnent at Harwird and other eolh'ges in the United States, talk was hegun to build a university for Jewish students in the United States. How un- necessary that would have been (:tin be seen now that the flurry has blown over. Neither the United States nor Eurol)e is the logical place for a Jewish university, l'alestine, the homehmd of the Jews, is the I)laee. The Hebrew University is already an al.tuality and all efforts should be silent towards aiding that iustitu- tion. I would be interested in reading the opinimm of uther readers of The Jew- ish Transcril)t on this subject. A Subscriber. The Associated Jewish Charities of lhdtimore during 1[.)23 SUlll)orted five Tahnud Torahs, containing !)51 I)U - pils, 29 teachers and 3 I)rineil)als. Tile dishursement fill' the year wits $50,339. The London Board of Shehitah has offered prizes for it ntachine or other ill)paratus for the l)urpose of casting animals to he, slaughtered for food, its essentiitls to he sinllilicity , exliedition slid without suffering for the aninuds. During March, 1924, 53 steamers and 16 sailing vessels entered the l)ort of Jaffa; 42 steamers and 27 sltiling vessels entered lhiifa and 17 sailiug vessds entered Acre. QUEEN CITY AUTOMOBILE TRIMMING CO. We specialize in Auto Tops, Side Curtains, Cushions, Upholstering and Repairing S. SILVER, Proprietor 1222 Jackson St. Phons BEaen 1550 THE DIGEST 'HE NEW IMMIGRATION LAW (Jonlpil('d by J. T. A. "The now imnlignttion law, or rather the newest restriction of iin- migration is ill force today," sitid tile "Freiheit" in an oditorial on ,hily 1st. "With this htw Ollr country of "golden Ol)l)ortunities" has turned it sharp !orner. "The cry against innnigration in mt new in Ann;rica. Various at- tentpts have been niade, l,o rostri(.t, the influx of new-coiners through the qiteraey to, st? and the previous qilota nieasilres. The origiliitl re- strictions had sonto senti)hittite of justification. The coiiutry Wailtc.(l iuliiiigrants who c()u](l read and write, l l, wanted 1.o l)r()l, ect the American I)Ol)ulation during l)eriods uf unemph)ynlont, etc. The i)resont restriction, however, in openly of it Ku i(lux characler. The sele, ction of fut,ure iliiiiiigi'ltlll.s in inaueuvorod ili such it way that it will exclude and reduce iiinnigrittion (if certain ilation- alities. This law does not intend st) lnuch to "nuike Anterica sltfo  froin foreign eonille.tithm, its tO favor :ertain cultural and llolitical ideas, "lt can bo said without oxaggera- tion that tho enenfies of innnigration generally have no sl)eeial reason for liking Gernlans nlore than Italians, or Poles more lhan Russians. But tit(; political wiseacres sl,em to think that Poh,s are less rew)lut;iouary ilan Germans and that even Italians are unsafe, ill spite of their Fascisnl not to sl)eak of the Russians, and, therefore, (lerlnany and Polan<l were accor(hd hu'ge quotas while the quotas of Italy and Russia were ridiouhnlsly h)w. U. S. Sets Aside Tradition "This trick of the innnigration op- ponent shows, of course., that AIneriea has set aside the ohl tradition of It huid that offers refuge for the l)erse- cured lleolile of other countries. It wouhl lie coniieal if the legislators had actexl differently. A country where the Ku Khix Khut dictates the til)licies of both ruling parties and whel'e pOolile are t)e.ing houndo(l) lier - Seellte(l, arreste(] alld del)orted for their convictions, is surely in(!apable of offering it refuge for the ])erseeuted people of other hinds. The "Jewish l)aily News" in an editorial oil Jime 28th, takes a gh)omy view of the inuuigration llrohlem. After considering various 1)ossible muntries for imniigrants the editorial conies to the conchlsion that: "Tile ,lows of Easlern Eurolm must realize tintt they (!allnot exliect any further relief through iuiniigratiou. They will have to abandon all considera- tions of leaving the countries where they reside, to find for theinselves I)etter Ol)l)ortunities. They will have to solve t]leir l)rl)blelns where they are living nl)w. This, of course, is unfortunate. It will lie hard for the Jews (if Pohuid iuid other (oilntries to give Il l) tile idea uf iinlnigration, but the facts (!aliliot lie c]ianged. Thoh" opl)ortunities to setl.le elsewhere are virtually gOllO.)' In its edilorial of July 1st, tile Jew- ish Daily News itgitiii rotilrns to the suhjeel, in the salno l)esshnisti( spirit. Law Inspired by Hatred "It is. an ol)en secret," this pat)or says, "that tile hnniigration law Wits insl)iro(l I>y (he sltnie eloinouls that insl)h'e all (liscriniinatory nte, asures all legislalhm stilled against one race or anol,her, It was die, rated hy blind hatred, fiinaticisln aiid nieanuess. "On t,he day wiien this new htw is in force, discriniinating agaiiist i'aees, the glorious American flag sliouhl lie )laced at hltlf-lnast, for ()It this day America's chief grandeur as the lib- eral stronghold of equality is gone. A grand idea died in the land of Jeff- erson, lAncoln and Roosevelt." Dr. S. Margoshes, in a helated artich; in the "])ay" ()it the inunigra- lion (!onferenee lit lhe Astor ltotel, calls the Asseml)ly "tinfid," for its refusal t i) i)articil)ate in It world con- ference. "Its timidity," Dr. Mar- gl)shes says, "wits evident l)artieular- ly during lho debate on the resohition favoring llartilfil)ation in a Jewish world conference on iimnigration. It is clo, ar that the 'study-conunittoe,' elected at the Saturday gathering, will not I)(: abh; tl) accomplish 1 I)cr cent of the work that can be done by a worhl Oolif(wenc( . of all who are aC- tively engaged in hell)ing inuni- grants. Even for the sake of the lncrest exchange of inforination, such it worhl gatheriug would be iuvalu- allle. "There wits no one at that tilnid gathering courageous enough to re- call Zangwill's sltying: that the thnc has come to abolish 'Marshal-Law.' Really it, is high thne to do so." (Continued on Page 5) THE STUDEBAKER CORPORATION HAD ITS BEGINNING IN 1852, WITH ASSETS OF $68.00 In the last Five Years Total Net Sales .............................. $553,057,878.01 Total Net Earnings .................. 76,278,328.73 Total Net Dividends ............... 27,194,625.00 Present Net Assets .................. 88,326,457.19 A SAFE RELIABLE HOUSE Sands Motors Co. 1016 East Pike St. 1512 Eleventh Ave. Aug. Br0 I t JEW E New "The .; politic: llot il8 gon0rli tinclio al)art This i Charg( the in( Jewish nectiol rest hi ika. "I Ii I I states, Jews 1 l)osing in Gr( (Ioverl rights Salonit "Th( WIIS VI and iI limit t hiasull hiw, it, lion, I; those ently , religio, by ev( diseoiv al)lllie (if 3 tine llt: 5IX) lie 474 we ()no phallS They ooh)ny at (,ho Relief ]"iill(I ( Bei Jewish ,540 in April letted For estine, Colillii York ( The Switze Swiss t Koron Sub, Rates _.tt