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April 12, 1926     The Jewish Transcript
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April 12, 1926

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).6 April 2, 1926 :he :Jewish an$r|p! "Th. HOm.NoheeNe.pperaewry.,,O ric Page Five Views and Reviews By Martin Golde A Jew Denies Ecclesiastes. (Eve- lution and Optimism, by Ludwig Stein, Thomas Selzer). Most writers should never be seen. A knowledge of their persons often makes their work seem incongruous, for writing of the earnest character emerges from the innermost reeesses of the author, from sources rarely touched by the average acquaintance. Dr. Ludwig Stein's "Evolution and Optimism," hieh appeared in America, has the GaY.el. of a jest as one remembers Dr. omn's Bismarckian dignity. Not that Bismarck was not an optimist, by any means. Except that. in his wl\\; paternal way he wanted the oriel to reach its summum bonum through his own [;articular plans. "Evolution and Optimism"hiis re ferred to as a plea against the p iloso- pny of despair  which has become prevalent since the war. Without attempting" to be facetiou, we may say. that were such volumes to be ntte, n in great number Sehopen- i auers disciples would increase by .caps and bounds It is probably ust to Dr. Stein to mention the fact nat his original German was trans- te.l by one who was more intent on trltmg popular and poetic American nan on transmitting the spirit of the ment German philosopherlma$,rs Stein is regarded as one Ol Ge y foremost thinker Perhaps his great- cst reputation resides in his brilliant [' as a political philosopher. t is Well known that most of Get- an5 s dplomats and statesmen eon- er with Dr. Stein in a situation where e.en knowledge of international pollt4es is essential. ,,ET he greatest interest, we in vo'ution and Optim:% find It gives us an opportu ,y mentioniS that SOme of the high spots in Dr. Stein's career. We shall perhaps find oc- casion or be forced by time to devote Some space to his philosophy a little later. It was as Professor of Philosophy at Berne that Dr. Ludwig Stein at- tracted his first substantial fame. t s coutjses, presumably because of ne admu'able manner in which they v?!-e, administered, became the in- tellectual apex of cultural Europe. rtttl  .pupils numbers some of the most ust]nguished of modern day leaders. ,,Walter Rathenau was rims pupil. rotzkv and Rakovsky are also re- mernbe'.ed as disciples. Even Chaim Weizmann seems to have imbibed a (at deal at Berne under the. tutor- mut> of Iris Jewish professorshil. i,/no!her of Dr. Stein's elements of ,J, tu.triousness is his reputatioil as t!)(acen)aker. '' tie became the cen- ( of interest at the time of the (,;;?:ttr'ersy between ttugo Stinnes . Vvaler l{athenan. It is well own that Stein healed the breach. {is residence in Berlin is the meeting Place for the celebrities of the 1)oliti- cal World. H'is' friendship for all groups has given Stein the oppor- %nitv to effeet compromises. His! role as peacemaker has been of merci international importance. We hap- Pen to remember an incident, which cannot be divulged because of its ature, dm'ing which a breach be- layeR, n America and Germany semed Im}ent. Few realize that: it was s: - Stein who saw to it that the 'u.uation passed by without serious eequenees. t one tim F). Stein was editor of ..)!'d and Sud," through whmh P mheation he aimed to cement tendship between England and reruany. Those who remember the t.tatlon that existed between those COUntries before the war can eom- enend the monumental task which 1. Stein had assigned himself. We eraeraber one issue in particular % California Tops, Plate Glass, Sliding Panels or Anything in the Trimming Line ./lgents for HEWITT TIRES BBUILD BODIES FENDERS AND SPECIAL ONE PIECE WINDSHIELDS Tow Service [lay and Night BRAKE RELINING Expert Workmanehlp on All Care All Work Guaranteed OFFICIAL A. A. A. 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ELROFF, Prop. THIRD FLOOR YALE BLDG. (Opposite Postoffice) PHONE MAIN 2594 PANTORIUM DYE WORKS, Inc. CLEANERS AND DYERS OF GARMENTS, RUGS AND HOUSEHOLD FURNISHINGS Phone MAin 7680 for Driver. Call Office 1419 Fourth Avenue or Drive to Plant 970 Denny Way, near Westlake. "'When You Move--Move With System" WAREHOUSEMEN AND DISTRIBUTORS OF GENERAL MERCHANDISE AND HOUSEHOLD GOODS SYSTEM DELIVERY CO., Inc. 2607-11 SECOND AVE. ELLIOTT 2067 which was composed of contributions: from the pens of the foremost states- men of England and Germany, in which harmony was the keynote struck by the editor and which was echoed by his collaborators. Dr. Stein is now the foreign editor of the "Vossische Zeitung" and "Berliner Zeitung am Mittag." In this capa- city, this son of a rabbi still main- tains his peacemaking policy with Germany's neighbors, and that not ineffectually, Now that he is ap- proaching 75, it is probable that his word and counsel have more weight than ever. Several years ago Dr. Stein came to this country to deliww a series of lectures in American universities and colleges. "Evolution and Optimism" contains the majority of these lec- tures with some additional material and expurgations. There is only one word in the English language which we can think of at the present time which serves adequately, to convey our adjectival impressmn of the volume: it is "sloppy." We have rarely gone through such a senti- mental, slobbery interpretation of the facts of philosophy and contempo- rary history. We must think of the volume as a prank, or else we must begin to doubt the authenticity oil Dr. Stein's reputation. A great deal I of the discredit undoubtedly reflects I upon the translator. I We are about to refer to Dr. Stein as I embodying that which is usually re-' ferred to as the German spiriL in his advocacy of the communal outlook upon life, but then Eduard yon Hart- mann and Fredrieh Nietzsehe were also Germans. Stein totally disre- gards the individual in his scheme of things, except that he might take into account the individual who thinks "optimistically." We have no doubt that the pessimist does not count as fat' as Dr. Stein's philosophy is con- cerned. We cannot but discredit the author of "Evolution and Optimism" when, in a serious discussion of phil- osophical attitudes, he permits him- self the privilege of the preacher: "... personal pessimism is connec- ted preponderantly with unsound blood, dyspepsia, fits of melancholy, unfortunate association, a disagree- able milieu. And therefore I main- tain: individual pessimism is a dis- ease rather than a view of the world." Those interested in Dr. Ludwig Stein's point of view may find his treatment of the following themes and their foremost protagonists attrac- tive: idealistic optimism (Muenster- berg), realistic optimism (Hartman), pragmatic optimism (James), evolu- tionary optimism (Spencer)? ener- gistie optimism (Ostwald), vitalistic optimism (Keyserling), romanticism and optimism (Chamberlain), and individualistic optimism (Nietzaehe). An Introduction That Out- weighs a Volume. (Jewish Child- ren. Seholom Aleiehem. Translated by Hannah Berman. Introduction by Dorothy Canfield Fisher. Alfred A. Knopf). Reprints of classics are meritorious acts on the part of the )articular publisher. Most of the popular editions, however, have the handicaps of impernmnenee and fragility, totally incompatible with the character of the contents. Knopf's 13orzoi pocket edition is one of the outstanding exceptions. The volumes in that edition are perma- nent and handsome, although not many of them have the substantial earmarks of classics. We have out' doubts, at any rate, about the latest edition to the library. We do not (Continued on page 8) Mortgages for sale Netting from 6% to 8% in small or large amounts-- with 100% Safety. Write for free literature. Jas. E. Forehand 506 LEARY BLDG. MAIN 8865 GOOD WOOD GOOD COAL and REAL SERVICE EDGEWATER FUEL COMPANY YARD--3420 Stoneway Melrose 0662 PALESTINE'S PILGRIM FATHERS (Continued from page 1) play the despot. When the monthly allowance for the colonists was due, it was not unusual for him to make them sit up all night until he gave the matter his attention. In every way i he possibly cotfld, he subjected them to misery, taking the sunshine out of their existence by his petty an- noyances. These hurts accumulated, and the families realized they could endure his despotism no longer. He was taking away the idealism from their enterprise, malting of the Baron's generous assistance not a loan, but a dole. They would not eat the bread of charity. They would not accept assistance given with such ill-grace as Wormser invested it,. They had fought a bitter battle with the land before. They had shed their heart's blood all along the trail since they had left Rumania. And not for this. For a colony where love and freedom, not bitterness, reigned. So the colonists made up their minds to revolt. They did not want a cruel, despotic hand guiding their ship of state. They congregated in the synagogue. Forty men voted to oust Wm'mser, hushing up the twenty-six who feared the measure. Wormser was enraged when he heard of this meeting. The men, they were called "The Forty" after that, called on Wormser and formally told him they would not tolerate him or his regime any longer. Wormser tried to frighten them by reporting this to the Baron. This brought the Forty more strongly up in arms. They them- selves wrote to the 'Baron and told him of their actions, exhibiting a spirit that recalls the one that domi- nated the early American settlers when they held their famous "Boston Tea Party." Baron Rothschild, in Paris, was dis- turbed on receiving these reports. He sent an emissary, Dr. Goldberg, to the colony to determine the true state of affairs. But Wormser argued with Dr. Goldberg and tried to thwart his attempts at investigation and re- conciliation. Wormer's attitude remained haugh- ty and superior. In his opinion, he held the upper hand. He had charge of the Baron's funds for the colony. He tried to grind away the spirit of the pilgrims by threats. When he saw they went about their work, ap- parently undaunted, he produced the meanest of his bag of tricks. He held back their monthly allowance for good. Month after month he held back the food allowance. Tit(; colonists had no other money for supplies. The crops had just been planted and would not bear anything for months. When they bought food from the Arabs er the stores in Haifa they must pay cash. This was the only actual money they had for sus- tenance. But the pilgrims held out and would not submit to Wormser's orders, al- though their hearts were full. True it meant suffering, but sufcring was not new to them. It had been part of their lot since they had made up their minds to come to live in the land of their forefathers. Would the spirit of unity and fra- ternity be crushed out of their colony by this petty tyrant, this trifler who did not matter? What if their funds ran low this month, next? They must not stop for such details. They must look forward, to that shining goal. So they kept their firm stand against him. Several families, weak- ened by the lack of food, and intimi- dated by the administrator's threats, moved away to other colonies that had been settled by fellow pilgrims from Rumania. Then came the climax to the revolt. And it made the colony long re- member Baba Goldstein for other reasons than being the first bride. It was significant because it revealed the spirit of the women, as dauntless and fearless as that of the men, as eager to fight for their beliefs. Baba's father was one of the leaders of the revolting party. Wormser, hoping to deal them a fatal blow, ordered his arrest on the charge of leading the revolt. Without notice Turkish officers suddenly appeared at Baba's house to arrest the aged leader and take him to Haifa to be tried. An arrest in Zicron! Trial in Haifa[ Excirement ran high in the colony. No one had ever dreamed the revolt would take on such a serious turn. Baba watched the proceedings of the officers quietly. Just as they were about to ride away, she went up to them. First she told them to take her aged father down from his horse. Then she asked the official the reason for his action. The Turk curtly referred her to Wormser, from whom he had re- ceived orders. So Baba went directly to Wormser's house. But the administrator had counted on a demonstration of some sort, and was prepared to ward it off. He had stationed a guard at the door. Baba was refused admittance. But Babe was insistent. She threatened to throw the guard out bodily if he didn't let her pass. The guard re- alized she meant every word she said, when he saw her firm, supple body, the well developed muscles, and the dauntless spirit shining forth from her eyes. He remembered, too, that under the Turkish law a man dare not strike a woman, no matter if she does him bodily injury. He permitted Baba to enter. She went directly to Wormser's quarters, where he had been in hiding, and talked matters over with him. When she came out, she was escorted by an officer, who courteously helped her father dismount front his horse. The leader was free. Wormser had lost! What hc had planned as his most decisive move i the struggle with the revolting colo- nists had been checkmated by a young woman! This victory gave the elders heart enough to write to the Baron again. Within a few months, Wormser was recalled by the man, although he had never seen them, was guiding the destiny of their colony which was being wrested from the soft by their prayers and struggles. Yet, from this distance of thousands of miles of land and sea, the colony was nevertheless tugged as though by a centrifugal force towards the great light that was bearing down on it. 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