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April 12, 1926     The Jewish Transcript
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April 12, 1926

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the Jewish Cranscript Of The Pacific Northwest ...................... W - ............. $2.00 PER YEAI VOL. III. No. 4 The Week eing A Digest of JewUh g.ews ,/lbroad t International Masonic Lodge to be e. Inaugurated in Jerusalem m Jerusalem (J. T. A.)--The inaugu- Ln ration ceremonies of the internatio- re nal lodge took place here on March n- 25th A delegation of the Egyptian .h Grand Lodge attended. n- ot Impoverished Polish Jewish Family Receives $500,000,000 to Legacy from Uncle in Australia P- Vienna (j. T. A.)--The legend sir- of culating among Polish Jewish in re- P- cent months concerning a huge for- to tune left by "a rich uncle overseas" ar was not a legend but a fact, according at to reports in the Vienna newspapers. Thousands of Polish Jews with the re surname Stern were busily engaged or !n proving their identity and in hop- ae lag to obtain a part of the huge to fortune left by the family's "rich n, uncle." Societies of Sterns were a, formed in many towns and quarrels ill arose as to who were the real des- cendents of the Stern family, attor- neys were employed and correspond- ence was carried on with various ii local centers to ascertain the amount and location of the fortune. This ex- citement served to relieve many of orry ove.r their distressful condi- lhand give hope for a better future. ,c ne Vienna newsnat)ers re orted blla+ .1- . r r P une Austrian government has notified the Stern family resident in Brasow that it is the legitimate heir to the five hundred million dollar estate of Emanuel Stern, who died in' Australia in 1918. The Stern family numbers sixty members and has branched out to Hungary. Cruises Bring Thousands to Palestine , Jerusalem (p. C.)--Probably the rgest. number of tourists to visit came this winter on world .' . tarting from American ports. b ru)s.e managers report that the 1kings in the United States are "u. per cent complete long before sarong time, and, in several instan- es, applications for bookings have sen in excess of accommodation. Between th'e end of January and the DR. PHILIP KLEIN ELDERLY NEW YORK RABBI SUCCUMBS New York (J. T.A. Dr. Philip Klein, Rabbi of the Ohab Zedeck Congregation and leader of Hangar- inn Jews in America for the past thirty five years, died Sunday afternoon at age of 77. The funeral, attended by many thousands, took place March 21. His widow is lying ill with pneu- monia. Rabbi Klein's last wish was that his body should not be taken into the synagogue and that no eulogies be made at his funeral. He also asked that if some memorial is to be made for him that a Talmud Torah be erect- ed in his name. Rabbi Klein was honorary presi- dent of the Union of Orthodox Rabbis, vice-president of the Union of Ortho- dox Congregations and treasurer of the Ezrath Torah Fund. He is survived by his wife, six sons and two daughters. Among the Hungarian Jews in this country Dr. Klein was often called "the Moses of Hungary". A native of Bratchka, Hungary, he showed as a child strong predilections for the Nab- bis career, and at 11 years could re- cite the Talmud by heart. After studying at the University of Vienna he became an instructor at the Uni- versity of Berlin and studied there at the Rabbinical Seminary, receiving his ordination in 1871. He obtained his degree of Doctor of Philosophy two years later. From 1874 to 1891 he was in Russia, first at Kieff then at Libau, where he held an important position as rabbi. With the increase of anti-Semitism in Russia, he was forced to leave the country, accepting the invitation of the late Iabbi Jacob Joseph to come to the Congregation Ohab Zedeck, then in Norfolk Street. He began his long service as a Rabbi of this syna- gogue in 1891 and continued in charge after the merger in 1923, with Pincus Elijah Congregation. He was presi- dent of the Kolef Shomre Hachomos. In February 1923, 3000 friends of Dr. Klein gave a dinner in his honor at the Broadway Central Hotel. nd of February the following cruisers ,,ave called at Haifa: "Adriatic " apland,,, "Homeric," "Corinthia" nct. "Scythis," and the "Transyl- vama,,, eaeh bringing a considerablQ number of Jewish passengers. The Jewish Information Bureau Pported by the Zionist Exaeutive p' xeren Hayesod and the Keren ayemeth, sgids representatives to set the; ships, to answer visitors' .questions, to assist them in making Itineraries, which include calls at centers of Jewish work, agricultural and industrial. Many Jewish tour- st s have during this season made a Otable departure by leaving their parties long e,ogltt?eitjef;iis  more exhaustive ' achievement. SOCial Hygiene Section of Vaad rlabriuth Expands  for J.erusalem (p. C.)--A .eetion social hygiene and medical statistics i1Sb.een established by the Vaad D a)r}uth (Jewish Health Council). 'LI V:" lgismund Peller, formerly of lenn.a, has been appointed Director of this Section which is to be at the i service of the institutions repre- sented on the Vaad Habriuth. i" At a recent meeting of the Council, 't was reported that notwithstanding e reduction in the Health Budget, evi  the Hadassah Hospital in Tel- nave been increased to the number reuired by the Vaad Ha briuth "  ' - o- ' " A Central Pathological Lab- aory has been established by the **.uassah at the Rothschild Hospital wh!e.h :ill be available to all medical ',sttutlons. With the cooperation of o e Vaad Habriuth, there has recently ,een established a special Section of beds for tubercular patients at the la(lassah N Hospital in Tel-Aviv. L egotiations have been completed E theKeren Hayesod in London with rs. Peter Sehweizer, widow of the 'merican Zionist leader, with regard the Hospital at Tiberias. The onlst Executive has given the con- 'act for the building to "Solel 'Oneh,,, and the construction, with t provision for 50 beds, is already uuer way. The Keren Hayesod has le. available for the purp'ose of the IP]ta.l building a total of $45,000 *ca includes th hwmzer cont b,-*' _e Sc " ' "'- tlblOn. c A .new Praesidium has been elected tnmtmg of Mr. Katznelson of the ,,TaOassah, Dr. Mandelberg of the] T*x, Upath Cholim," and Dr. Felix, the ralestine Zionist Executive repre- ntative on the Vaad Habriuth. r. Abraham Katznelson has been elected Secretary. l Ielations with the Vaad Learn" Were considered, and the opinion was Xpressed in a resolution that the and Leumi should cooperate fully in i:arrying out the social aspects of the a!th program, such as the campaign gamst tuberculosis, help for the :i"romeally diseased, the mentally uencient, etc. SEATTLE, WASHINGTON, APRIL 2, 1926 THE SOUL OF I TW0 LARGE TEMPLES Jews Renounce TO AMALGAMATE Minority THE GHETTOI Rifihts Constantinople (g. T.A.) The renounciation by the Jewish population in the Republic of Turkey of its "minority right" guaranteed under the inter- national peace treaty will be considered at a conference of Jewish notables which is to take place here shortly. The conference was called by the Constantinople com- mittee for the reorganization of the affairs of the Jewish communities in Turkey. The purpose of the conference will also be to prepare a new con- stitution for the administra- tion of the Jewish communal affairs in the Republic. A special representative of the Turkish Minister of the Interior will attend the con- ference, it was declared. This action by the repre- sentatives of the Jewish corn- munities is being taken in con- junction with the plan of oth- er national minorities in Tur- key. A delegation of Turkish Armenians has proceeded to Angora for the purpose of pre- senting to the government its desire to renounce the minor- ity rights. NSUl$11$$1$$UlUll$11$1$11$111 BOARD OF GOVERNORS FOR HEBREW UNIVERSITY Jerusalem (J. T. A.)--Acceptance of the nominations to the Board of Governors of the Hebrew University were received by the Presidential Board of the University. Dr. Zevi Chajes, Chief Rabbi of Vienna, Pro- fessor Sigmund Freud of Vienna, Pro- fessor J. Hadamard of Paris, Dr. Joseph H. Hertz, Chief Rabbi of Great Britain, and Sir Herbert Samuel have signified their consent to serve on the Board. PALESTINE'S PILGRIM FATHERS plagued the pilgrims in many ways. Stealing sheep was the thing they did the best, and the colonists felt many moments of dismay on finding half their cattle gone. Recovery was im- possible, for the strolling Bedouins literally folded their tents each night and left for another part of the land. So it was with great satisfaction, almost with glee, that the colonists came upon an Arab in the act of lead- ing away his cattle. Here at last was an opportunity to avenge all the thefts and raids. Blow after blow rained down upon the miscreant Arab. By Betty Ross Now that the fields were cleared and crops planted, the colonists breathed easier They were not only preparing their harvests, they were putting roots into life as well. They were now an integral part of the little settlement. It was no longer a drear waste, but a living, throbbing center. Not what they had taken away from the land, the rocks, brush, and trees made it a colony. But it was that something they brought to it, that something they gave it with every breath they drew--faith, hope. It was surprising how soon inter- ests developed to knit their lives and their work more closely together. Each day took on a flavor that made them await the next one with a spirit of adventure and fearlessness. The Arabs were always a surprise. There was no knowing what they would do next. Their moods were more like those of naughty children than malicious Moslems. Many a midnight raid took place. With long, pointed rods the Arabs pierced the colonists' doors. They reached their beds and caught up the blankets. Then, with wild shrieks, they fled, leaving the colonists suddenly awake, startled and eoverless. It was amusing, after these terrors to find that the Arabs were afraid of the dark. Often the colonists took trips during the night to cart sand from Tantura, a stretch of land bordering the sea. Night time was chosen for these trips to avoid the heat of the day and so that the oxen and men could be free to work in the fields during the day. On these journeys, the colonists were never molested. 3"hey never encountered anyone after dark, and thus learned that the Arabs never ventured out after nightfall. This fact was reassuring to their families and saved them from worrying when the men worked all night. A trip such as this meant leaving Zieron at sunset, travel all night, and returning the next morning. For this round trip the men were paid two Turkish medjiedies, each equivalent to a dollar. The hills were so steep and narrow that the men were forced to halt the oxen and carry up the loads on their shoulders. Later, how- ever, the trip was made with three pair of oxen, the wagon being un- hitched and two pairs of oxen added for the ascent. But just the same they were glad the Arabs didn't travel in the dark. It saved them worry from that quarter. Although they rarely resorted to physieM violence, their neighbors By Miriam Sterner New York is the show-place seltzer or tea and take a good look of America. A treasure house at the universe. There they oh- of human emotions, a museum of idiosyncrasies. Romance, tragedy and melodrama wait around corners, sit on roof tops and flash through its subter- ranean passages. They beckon youth to reckless adventure, serve it, examine it, criticize it, and disagree with its maker. But the young geniuses are not all pessimistically inclined. As a matter of fact, they are always full of glee, full of enthusiasm and al- ways in expectation of happy tid- ings. The most enthusiastic of the cause the stranger to gasp in wonder and make the philoso- pher check up on the frailties of the human mind. In the following article Miriam Ster- ner has stumbled upon a gem set against the squalid back- ground of the East Side.- The Editor. Genius, of all kinds and cate- gories, is plentiful in a city like New York, but it is not equally dif- fused over the whole area. There are miles lacking it almost entirely, and short blocks elsewhere shelter- mg a crop sufficient for entire states. Such a block is the one bor- dering on Houston Street and Ham- ilton Fish Park. Around this block is concentrated the genius of the Ghetto and in the middle of it is to be found the House of Genius. The House of Genius, an old, dingy, dilapidated building, differs but very little from the other houses in the block, and its only distinction is that it has a restau- rant in the basement, or what the geniuses frequenting it call one. It is a strange and eerie place. The entrance is adorned by an old, three-legged table and upon enter- ing the restaurant, more smoky than clean, one is greeted by an elderly lady of indifferent health and beauty, and by two waiters; one toothless and the other lame. The lame fellow is called a silent hero, while the toothless one is very talkative, and when both leave the kitchen with two plates of soup they reach the one customer with BEING CONSIDERED crowd, young Sammy, a star actor --that is how he describes himself --is optimistic to the point of reli- gious enthusiasm. Sammy is always forty-eight hours after his last meal. That he does not mind. But he does mind the impudence of the sole of his shoe, that threatens to make itself independent. It is his conviction that this impudent sole is at the bottom of all his troubles. If not for its threat of independence he would walk into the office of any producer or manager of Broadway and land a position worth $1500 a week. His problem is not a job but a submissive sole, satisfied with being tied to the shoe. And he be- lieves that every day a miracle may happen, either in the nature of a five dollar bill to enable him to buy a pair of new shoes, or at least fifty cents to go into a shoemaker and beat that impudent sole into sub- mission. If this miracle were to happen he would sure land the best proposition in the American the- atre. Sammy has never been on the stage, but believing himself to be a great actor he always wanted to go on the stage. For a thousand and one reasons he could never se- cure a position. But he raised his salary from year to year and now (Continued on page 4) New York (J. T. A.) The amal- gamation of the Temple Emanu-E1 and Temple Beth-E1, the two largest temples in New York, is now under consideration according to rumors re- ported by the "American Hebrew" in its last issue. Committees repre- senting both liberal congregations have already met and have tenta- tively agreed upon a plan of action. Among the activities which the con- solidated congregations will under- take, as these are being discussed by members of Emanu-E1 and Beth-E1, will he the erection and conduct of chapels and religious schools under the auspices of the new congregation in various parts of the city, These will be maintained from the great en- dowment fund which the amalgama- tion will build up. The present Rabbis of the Temple Emanu-E1 are the Rev. Dr. H.G. En- elow and the Rev. Dr. Nathan Krass, and the present Rabbis of Temple Beth-E1 are the Rev. Dr. Samuel Schulman and the Rev. Dr. Simon Cohen. Mr. Ben Altheimer is President of Temple Beth-E1; David M. Bressler, Honorary Secretary, Otto E. Dryfoos, Treasurer. The trustees are: Felix M. Warburg, (IIonorary), Saul Bern- stein, David Dinkelspiel. Jacob L. Frankel, Max Kalter, Mrs. Wm. Kling enstein, Benjamin S. Moss, Carl Rosenberger, Leopold Stern, Myron Sulzburger, Ludwig Vogelstein, Da- vid A. Brown Sydney H. Herman, " W Morns H. Rothschild and Roger . Straus. Mr. Louis Marshall is the President of Temple Emanu-E1; William I. Spiegelberg, Secretary, Henry M. Toch, Treasurer. The trustees are: Henry J, Bernheim, Philip J. Good- hart, Daniel Guggenheim, Irving Ben- jamin Mordecai, Samuel M. Newbur- ger, Adolph S. Ochs, Edward Schafer, William I. Spiegelherg, Henry M. Toch, Arthur Zinn. PURPOSE OF SEATTLE TALMUD TORAH one plate empty and the other full. Another striking feature of this The purpose of the Seattle Tal- interest of the parents to send the Home of Genius is its remarkably mud Torah is nrimarilv to educate l children for Jewish education in the large windows. Upon inquiry, I  " . l institution which he so honorably found out that the size of the win- the Jewish children in our rmigion, I represents. dows was planned, because most of in our history, and in the Hebrew / A young man of chassidic parent- the customers enter the place language, The child begins with] age came to Mr. Kessler's assis- through them. The reason is simple, tho ,hw Mnhnbet and is urad-] tance several weeks ago with a Every Babbit enters the house ............. "7 .... ._ ""positive cure for all spiritual ills ually promoted into the mgnei through the door, but geniuses and - " of the Jewish people today." The discoverer of the "positive cure" is in his teens yet, but he assures us that his medicine is very ef- fective if it will be administered daily. The young doctor's cure is to send the children for an hour and a half daily to the Seattle Tal- mud Torah, where they will re- ceive instructions under a most competent staff of teachers. We agree with the young doctor that his (?) medicine, if applied daily as prescribed, would help, to a certain extent, to strengthen Judaism in our city. The cure, in our opinion, lies in parochial schools where the children would spend the major part of the day imbibing Judaism. In schools of that nature the children, under con- scientious teachers, would learn to love Judaism, and would remain all their lives loyal Jews. The chil- dren graduating from a parochial school would have a fair concep- tion of their religion, of Jewish history and of the Hebrew lan- guage. In short, they would be imbued with everything Jewish. This, however, is at the present writing a Ut'opia in Seattle. We are not ripe for it yet. Seattle Jewry must content itself and strive to make the best with what we have. A remedy must be found to cure the indifferent parents who neglect altogether the Jewish edu. cation of their children. For this cure Mr. Kessler is in constant search, and to find it his worry. The management of the Seattle Talmud Torah is preparing for the new semester, and would like to have a large enrollment of new children. Classes are being rear- ranged ready to accept more chil- dren. Will the Jewish parents of school-aged children give some thought now to the sacred duties of their children now when they cele- brate Israel's emancipation from Egyptian bondage? Will this great holiday have any effect upon their indifference to Jewish life and Jewish renaissance? Will the Seder nights inspire these indiffer- ent parents to send their children to the Talmud Torah so that our Jewish life may be perpetuated by our offsprings? The management of the Seattle Talmud Torah sin- cerely hopes it will. MOSHEL. supermen may not go the way of Babbits. Eccentric genius is en- titled to an eccentric approach. Both waiters, as well as the elderly lady, who is the proud owner of the restaurant, minister with religious devotion to their cus- tomers. It is considered a high privilege to serve them, to satisfy them. This humble trio has no mean appetite for immortality. Not being artists themselves, they want Cowed, clinging, and aching, the marauder disappeared. The colon!sts at least to go down to posterity as laughed as they heard the story that helpers of artists and patrons of evening. They had seen the last of literature. that Arab, they were certain. It A non-member of the tribe, who would be a good lesson to him and his finds his way by mistake into the House of Genius, will soon be in- formed by the toothless waiter that he is not a waiter at all but a musi- cian--a flutist--and only because he had to help the young geniuses he is there to serve them. While he is talking and expectorating, the lame fellow nods his head indicat- ing approval of what his colleague classes. The child is taught to read the prayers in the original and to understand its meaning. He also receives daily instructions in the Bible with the commentary of Rashi, and a few hours in the week is devoted to modern Hebrew litera- ture. The board of education takes proper care that the instructions, outlined by Rabbi Wlnograd, are properly executed by the teachers. The competent staff of teachers are ever so mindful to the venerable Rabbi and to the board of educa- tion. The devoted President of the Seattle Talmud Torah, Mr. H. Kessler, is spending over an hour each day in that institution to see that the children behave properly during school hours. Mr. Kess- ler, be this to his credit, cultivated says. But when you behold the a true love of the children to him. faces of both, you conclude that The day he is absent, and this hap- God created them in an hour of pens on rareoccasions, the children wrath, their smiles notwithstand- miss him. He is not only liked by the children, but by the parents as ing. In this Home of Genius gather well, and far more so by all those every evening in the year the young who take an active part in the af- supermen of the Ghetto: artists and fairs of the Talmud Torah. We would-be artists, poets and would- remember well how much his work be poets, painters and would-be was extolled by the entire board painters, and they discuss plans for of directors of that institution at publication, or talk over some im- the last annual election meeting. portant literary event, or make an Particularly impressive were the earnest attempt at the reformation praises of Mr. Gershenowitz, an of the world, while they are sipping emphatic adherent of the truth and their cold tea or drinking seltzer, a vehement despiser of flattery and They eat little and drink less in compliments. He complimented this restaurant. It is for this rea-Mr. Kessler's work in the Talmud son that the restaurant, housing the Torah in such an admirable manner genius of the Ghetto, specializes in that it called forth glad smiles of two dishes: seltzer and toothpicks, all who have the honor to know the When, by way of rare incident, a severe critic, Mr. Gershenowitz. genius orders something to eat, one In a recent talk with Mr. Kess- of the two waiters runs right ler concerning the general situa- across the street to the delicatessen tion of the Seattle Talmud Torah, store and buys some Bismarck her- he complained that the number of ring and two pickles. The owner children attending the classes are of the restaurant will explain that insufficient for the Jewish popula- it is her desire to serve good and :ion in Seattle. In his opinion fresh food. The best way to attain ought to be at least four to this goal is to obtain fresh food ire hundred Jewish children at- from the delicatessen store. But tending daily the classes of the Tal- God is merciful to the waiters and mud Torah. He cannot see why orders are not given very often for Jewish parents are so indifferent the reason that the geniuses gather co the most vital factor in Juda- their nightly and engage in the fast- ism, namely, giving their children ing business, though not voluntar-la Jewish education, erie is using ily They come there to drink their I all meals available t arouse the tribe. But their triumph was short- lived. The next morning the Arab reappeared, accompanied by a Turk- ish officer of the law. He explained to the officer that he had come to the colony in search of his own stray cattle and suddenly, for no warrant reason, had been bitterly attacked by this man. The colonist was taken aback at this bold accusation. He did not know enough of their languages, Turkish or Arabic, to tell his side of the story. And even if he had, it would have been of no avail, for the Arab was in the right. He knew the "baksheesh" system, the graft that always smeared the arm of the law in the right direction. The officer put the colonist under arrest and de- manded that he accompany him to headquarters in Haifa. This was going too far. The colo- nists could not spare him from the fields and were afraid to become en- tangled with the officials in Haifa. They pleaded with the officer, pro- testing his innocence. After several hours' discussion, the officer agreed to let him remain after fining him a sum that drained the colony of a great part of its sav- ings. The Arab had laughed last and best--and probably once more when he divided up the fine with the official! Yet this was a thorn that could never be removed from their midst. But even the Arabs were forgotten in the storm of events that suddenly descended upon them. The storm centered about Wormser, who had succeeded Sehneid as the Baron's administrator of the colony. Wormser never lost, a chance to (Continued on Page 5) x ues:. ?.7- ?? 4"a'a'nA ti:..c;: a': b lla--:q Vi a;iqnd oi ,a