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January 8, 1975     The Jewish Transcript
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January 8, 1975
 

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January 8, 1975 The Jewish Transcript Page 9 ! I, During October 1974 Israel terwards as Prime Minister, the IsSued three new sets comprlslng office he held while leading the the seven stamps pictured on this people to the Sinai victory of 1956. Page. He died on Dec. 1, 1973 and was David Ben-Gurion Stamps brought to rest In a simple grave No other person In modern beside his devoted wife Paula, in Jewish history has made such an the Negev kibbutz of Sldl Boker, Impact on the people of the State of where he had settled after his t Israel as David Ben-Gurion. retirementin 1963. He was a leader in the labor Three Landscape Stamps movement during the struggle for The fifth in a series of definitive liberty and free immigration and landscape stamps pictures the the voice that proclaimed the Arava on the IL.25 stamp. The renaissance of Jewish in- Arava extends from the dependence after 20 centuries• southernmost tip of the Dead Sea to He was head of the first govern- Eilat. ment and responsible for the This bleak, semi-desert canyon nation,s political destinies and cuts through walls of rock and Security for almost 15 of the State's separates Jordanian territory on ; first 25 years He passed away in the east from that of Israel on the ; 1973 at age 87. west. ' After withdrawal from public Red Nubian sandstone forms the office he sought the secluslon of bulk of the steep cliffs on the Sldi Boker in the Negev wilderness Jordanlan side, giving the land its but maintained an active interest ancient name of Edom which in in state affairs. Born David Green Hebrew means red, while on the on Oct. 16, 1886 in Plonsk, Poland, west, the gentler slopes are far he changed his name to Ben- more varied in color, shape and Gurlon after settling in his adopted structure• COuntry in 1906. The valley is composed of He went to Constantinople to Northern, Central and Southern Study law in 1912. At the outbreak divisions, each having a number of of World War I, he was expelled by important springs as there is only 0ttomanauthorltiesandarrlvedln limited rainfall and a hot, dry the U.S. in 1915. climate. He later helped create the Springs nearer the Dead Sea Jewish Legion and went back to tend to be more saline while those Palestine as a volunteer with the further south are progressively Victorious British Army. sweeter. Agricultural settlements Hewasone of the founders of the have been encouraged In the ;dtadr ut and the General Arava• Settlers raise cattle and eeratien of Labor. It was his have succeeded in growing date voice that announced to the world palms. ;aMaY 14, 1948, the rebirth of the There is much activity about the ,t t Israel. shoreline south of Eilat, shown on th:elY.s.ponslble for setting up the IL.80 stamp, where many types i-" .,eeli Defense Forces; for and sizes of ships, flying a variety -rrod .... _ . uclno .... unrrorm state of foreign flags, ride at anchor• aucation;" for proclalmlng Here too are cargo boats erusalem,s status as the nation's carrying raw materials and CaPitol; and who launched the finished products to the world t ss Immigration of the early markets. There are sailing and se, as, thus giving Impetus to the glass-bottomed boats, the latter for 'rtementand development of the visitors desiring to view a Negev. fairyland of corals and fan- He resigned in 1953, but retur- tasticallyf0rmedtropical fish; and ned, two years later, first as snorkeling or skin diving. South- Minister of Defense and at- ward down the coast and Inland, A Family Portrait... A Gift That Lasts a Lifetime _676 "'in Bellei',e Square since 1949" .244 BELLEVUE SQUARE NEW ISRAEL/ STAMP ISSUES-Top row, left to right: IL .25 and 1.30 stamps memorialzing the anniversary of the death of David Ben-Gurion. Bottom row, left to right: IL .25, .80 and 1.30 Landscape stamps picturing Arava, Beach at Elat there are rock peckings of Greek and Nabatean writing and a menorah and other Jewish sym- bole have been discovered, proving that the ancient caravan routes passed along the same path. Sated (Zefat] pictured on the IL 1.30 stamp, is one of Israel's four Holy Cities, the others being Jerusalem, Tiberias and Hebron. It is situated in Upper Galilee, on a hilltop and looks out on a breathtaking vista stretching from the Sea of Galilee to the snowy peak of Mount Herman. Safed's quaint lanes and medieval synagogues, combined with its comfortable hotels and friendly guest-houses, have made it a magnet for summer visitors. A major attraction Is the Artists Colony, where more than 50 sculptors and painters have their studios• An ever increasing population of 14,000 Jews are today living in the and Zefat (Sated) respectively• Extreme right, top and bottom. IL 1.30 and.25 stamps issued to honor the lOOth anniversary of the Universal Postal Union of which Israel is a member. Last Exodus Continued from Page 4 unreported; such also is the fate of the "crime" of dissent. No protests are ever reported to the Russian people as news •.. Dissidents do not hope to capture the sympathy of the Russian public • . . Their eyes are trained on the West . . . We who are used to Western ways should remember typewriters are not officially registered here; use of a duplicating machine does not automatically cause suspicion in Washington; talk of hijacking a plane is not the same as hijacking one; In the U.S. it is not politically important to determine whether a document is printed or typed; in Russia the differences are crucial. individuals can type but the government is the only printer. All these things and more are among the obstacles faced by Jews who wish to emigrate. Jews found it necessary to organize themselves to obtain a right which all signatories to the Declaration Of Human Rights acknowledged, but which is routinely violated by one of its principal signatories--the U.S.S.R. As Schroeter makes crystal clear in an implied defense of the Jackson amendment, the Soviets town and there are plans to develop Sated and make It the urban center of the whole Galilee. Centenary Stamps In the first half of the 19th cen- tury almost all the enlightened nations were operating domestic, well-functioning postal systems. But there were stumbling blocks hampering rapid distribution of letters and parcels on an in- ternational level. Upon the initiative of the U.S., an International conference met In Paris In 1863 and formulated proposals but due to political upheavals in America and Europe their implementation was put off. Subsequently, a constituent assembly met in September 1874. Delegates of 22 participating nations formulated the first In- ternational postal convention by which all the member states un- dertook to deal with mail on a cannot have It both ways. Either they observe the articles they signed or they keep quiet about foreign protest of their restrictions on emigration . . . Familiar Figures I have not mentioned the fan- tastic gallery of people presented in The Last Exodus. Many of the names are now familiar to American Jews--Palatnik, Slepak, Aleksandrovich, Zalmanson and the rest. They are all here, discussed in detail as their careers unfolded in Moscow, Leningrad, Kiev, Odessa, Vilna and Riga . . . Zionism and Reform Schroeter clearly delineates the difference between wanting to reform Soviet society and wanting to leave it completely . . . The Jewish movement owes much to the democratic one. Often there is overlapping. We in the West who read, but do not suffer such a society should be grateful to Schroeter for having etched the problems so clearly. Israel Stays New York (JTA) -- Israel ambassador Simcha Dinitz predicted here that if a new middle east war erupts, Israel "will fight decisively, quickly and vic- toriously. There is more energy in the Jewish people than in all the Arab oil wells together. No power on earth will dislodge us from the small but lofty rock of Israel." mutual basis. The activities of the Universal Postal Union (UPU) officially started July 1, 1875. At present there are 150 postal ad- ministrations collaborating within its framework. Israel has been a member since December 1949. Israel previously issued two stamps to honor the 75th anniversary of the UPU. The IL .25 and 1.30 stamps currently In use, were Issued for the 100th anniversary. Arle Glaser, a graphic artist specializing In illustrating children's books, was awarded first prize In the com- petition for the design of the I L 1.30 stamp; he is one of a number of graphic artists who recently joined the group of Israeli stamp designers. Babies Boom In Peace A chilling thing happened one day recently at Shaare Zedek Hospital in Jerusalem. The hospital's surgery wards filled with patients; beds lined the corridors; and doctors and nurses were once more called in from home to reinforce the overtaxed holiday staff. The cause of the alarming up- surge of activity at the hospital, however, was not war, but a one day baby boom of 29 births. In fact, the big day is symp- tomatic of a strange phenomenon. Births at the well known hospital are, inexplicably, running 20 percent ahead of 1973 figures, when more than 2,500 were recorded. Rabbis Clash on Pill , Jerusalem (J TA)--Sephardic Chief Rabbi Ovadia Yosef has taken issue with his Ashkenazlc counterpart, Chief Rabbi Shlomo Goren, over permissibility of birth control pills. According to Rabbi Yosef, neither the pill nor any other form of contraception is allowable under Jewish law except in direst medical circumstances. Rabbi Goren had said the pill could be taken by mothers who have fulfilled their religious obligations by giving birth to at least one boy and one girl.